What are the principle sorts of mammograms?
Screening mammogram. This check appears for breast most cancers in girls with no signs. The purpose is to catch the illness early, when it might be extra treatable.
Organizations develop screening pointers based mostly on the advantages and dangers of mammography. These suggestions might differ barely. Learn about present breast cancer screening guidelines and how one can make sense of screening recommendations.
Diagnostic mammogram. You might obtain this check to reply a particular query or be taught extra a few particular symptom. It could also be really helpful for the next causes:
- A screening mammogram reveals a suspicious space
- You really feel a lump within the breast
- You produce other uncommon signs
A diagnostic mammogram often takes extra footage of the breast than a screening mammogram.
Who does my mammogram?
This check is carried out by a mammogram technologist often known as a mammographer. A mammographer is specifically skilled to take x-ray photographs of the breasts. A health care provider who focuses on studying medical imaging checks critiques the mammogram. This sort of physician is named a radiologist.
How ought to I put together for a mammogram?
Topics to debate along with your well being care group. Discuss any breast signs you’re experiencing. Mention in case you are pregnant or breastfeeding. In each instances, your physician will in all probability advocate suspending this check.
Scheduling and different time-related preparations. Consider scheduling the check inside the 2 weeks after your menstrual interval ends. Women’s breasts are least tender throughout this time.
Other components which will scale back breast sensitivity:
- Avoiding caffeine for every week earlier than the check
- Taking an over-the-counter ache remedy on the check day
Financial preparation. Before your appointment, test along with your insurance coverage supplier. Ask whether or not insurance coverage covers the mammogram prices. And ask whether or not chances are you’ll must pay for a part of it. Diagnostic mammography is often lined by your insurance coverage supplier. But you must verify this to keep away from surprising prices.
Physical preparation. Before the mammogram, don’t use these merchandise:
They go away residue on the pores and skin that would create spots on the x-ray.
Take off jewellery that can intrude with the x-ray. You will likely be requested to take away your garments above the waist and put on a hospital robe that opens within the entrance.
Communication. Tell the technologist you probably have:
- Breast implants
- Previous breast surgical procedure (You could also be requested to level out any scars.)
- Any space of concern in your breast
This helps the technologist higher carry out the mammogram. And it helps the radiologist learn your mammogram extra precisely.
If you had earlier breast surgical procedure, the technologist might tape small markers to your pores and skin on the scar website. This will present the radiologist the place you could have the very best threat of recurrence.
If you could have had a mammogram earlier than, deliver copies of the pictures to share with the radiologist.
What will occur in the course of the check?
The precise mammogram takes 10 to fifteen minutes. The technologist might ask you to loosen up and take a deep breath because the process begins.
You will stand in entrance of the mammography machine. Then, the technologist will:
- Place 1 of your breasts between 2 plates
- Press the plates collectively to flatten your breast
- Take an x-ray, which lasts a couple of seconds
Flattening your breast spreads out the tissue. This makes it simpler to seek out small abnormalities. It additionally prevents movement that will blur the picture.
For a screening mammogram, the technologist will take photographs of every breast. More photographs could also be taken for a diagnostic mammogram. You might change positions barely for every picture. Then, the technologist makes positive the photographs are clear and readable.
After evaluation, the technologist might must take extra photographs.
After the check
You can return to your normal actions proper after your mammogram.
3-D breast imaging
GRMC additionally provides 3-dimensional (3-D) breast imaging. It can be known as breast tomosynthesis.
For this examination, the breast is positioned and flattened the identical means it’s for a digital mammogram. But a tomosynthesis takes a couple of seconds longer than a digital mammogram. This is as a result of an x-ray tube strikes in an arc and takes footage of the breast from many angles. The data is processed by a pc, which creates photographs that present a number of skinny sections of the breast. A radiologist analyzes the outcomes.
Some research present that 3-D imaging leads to fewer follow-up exams. Many breast imaging facilities do that check however it isn’t but extensively obtainable.
Each sort of mammography has advantages and dangers. Ask your well being care group which sort is best for you.
Questions to ask your well being care group
Before having a mammogram, take into account asking your well being care group these questions:
- Who will do the mammogram?
- What expertise does the middle have in doing mammography?
- What are the attainable dangers and advantages of a mammogram?
- How correct is mammography at discovering most cancers?
- When will I be taught the outcomes? How will I be advised?
- Who will clarify the outcomes to me?
- What different checks will I want if the mammogram is unclear or reveals indicators of most cancers?
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