Colorectal Cancer Screenings | Guadalupe Regional Medical Center

Colorectal most cancers—most cancers that begins within the colon or rectum—is a significant most cancers killer within the U.S. But it doesn’t should be. That’s as a result of screening for colorectal most cancers saves lives. There are a number of screening choices—you’ll examine them beneath. But first, right here’s a have a look at who’s most in danger for colorectal most cancers and the way it develops.

Who’s most susceptible?
Your danger of leaving your physician’s workplace with a prognosis of colorectal most cancers will increase with age. About 90% of all circumstances happen in individuals 50 and older. Risk additionally rises in case you have:

  • Inflammatory bowel illness, comparable to Crohn’s illness or ulcerative colitis.
  • A uncommon inherited situation, comparable to Lynch syndrome.
  • A private or household historical past of colorectal most cancers or colorectal polyps.

Most colorectal most cancers begins as a polyp, a noncancerous progress within the rectum or colon. Over time, a polyp could flip right into a life-threatening most cancers. Screening saves lives as a result of it may well discover polyps, which might be eliminated earlier than they turn into cancerous. Screening can even discover colorectal most cancers early, earlier than signs begin and when remedy works greatest.

Your selections
Screening checks fall into two important classes:

Stool-based checks. These test the stool for attainable indicators of most cancers. They’re performed at residence, and no bowel prep is required. But irregular outcomes should at all times be adopted up with a colonoscopy. These checks embrace:

  • The fecal immunochemical take a look at (FIT). It makes use of antibodies to search for tiny quantities of blood within the stool that is likely to be an indication of most cancers or giant polyps. You gather a small quantity of stool and return the package as instructed.

How usually you want it: Yearly.

  • Guaiac-based fecal occult blood take a look at (gFOBT). This makes use of a chemical response to detect blood within the stool. It’s performed in the identical manner because the FIT package.

How usually you want it: Yearly.

  • Stool DNA testing. It seems to be for irregular sections of DNA from most cancers or polyp cells that usually get into stool. You gather the whole stool pattern and return the package as instructed.

How usually you want it: Every three years.

Visual checks. These checks look contained in the colon and rectum for any irregular areas that is likely to be most cancers or polyps. A bowel prep with sturdy laxatives and probably an enema is required. These checks embrace:

  • Colonoscopy. Doctors use a versatile lighted tube with a small digital camera at its finish to take a look at the whole colon and rectum. If docs discover polyps, they are often eliminated through the take a look at.

How usually you want it: Every 10 years if outcomes are regular.

  • Virtual colonoscopy. This imaging scan of the colon and rectum lets docs search for polyps or most cancers. If they see one thing suspicious, a follow-up common colonoscopy is critical.

How usually you want it: Every 5 years.

Time to speak
If you’re 45 or older, speak together with your major care supplier about which take a look at is best for you—every has execs and cons. You could must be screened at a youthful age in case you’re at greater danger for colorectal most cancers. Most vital: Any take a look at is healthier than no take a look at. Whichever one you select, crucial factor is to get common screening. Meet our GRMG Board Certified General Surgeons who’ve been nationally acknowledged for colorectal surgical procedure.

Sources: American Cancer Society; American Society of Clinical Oncology; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
© Coffey Communications, Inc.

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